Major Indian Dams with their Rivers

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Tehri Dam is the Highest Dam in India. It is a multi-purpose used for irrigation, Hydroelectric and Water supply. It is a rock and earth-fill embankment dam and its construction began in 1978 and opened for use in 2006. Idukki Double Curvature Arch Dam is one of the highest Arch Dam in Asia.

Bhakra Nangal dam is a concrete gravity dam and its construction began in 1948 and opened 1963. Bhakra and Nangal are two different dams, where Nangal dam is on downstream of Bhakra dam. Bhakra Nangal Dam is a multipurpose dam. Hirakud is the first multipurpose dam project started after Independence. Construction began in 1947 and opened in 1957. Hirakud dam is made up of Concrete, earth and masonry.

Sardar Sarovar Dam is a gravity dam(Concrete Dam) and multipurpose. Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru laid the the foundation stone in 1961 and construction started in 1987 and the dam was inaugurated by Prime Minister Modi on 17 Sept. 2017.

A dam is a concrete or stone wall structure which stops river water and raise the level for storing and generating electricity. Three common types of concrete dams are gravity, buttress and arch.

S.No. Important Dams Rivers with States
1. Tehri Dam Bhagirathi river, Uttarakhand
2. Nagarjuna Sagar Dam Krishna river, Telangana
3. Idukki Arch Dam Periyar river, Kerala
4. Ukai Dam Tapti River, Gujarat
5. Sardar Sarovar Dam Narmada River, Gujarat
6. TungaBhadra Dam Tungabhadra River, Karnataka
7. Baglihar Dam Chenab River, Jammu and Kashmir
8. Salal Dam Chenab River, Jammu and Kashmir
9. Ranganadi Dam Ranganadi river, Arunachal Pradesh
10. Dudhawa Dam Mahanadi river, Chattisgarh
11. Bhakra Nangal Dam Satluj River, Himachal Pradesh
12. Konar Dam Konar, Jharkhand
13. Bargi Dam Narmada River, Madhya Pradesh
14. Gandhi Sagar Dam Chambal River, Madhya Pradesh
15. Hirakud Dam Mahanadi River, Odisha
16. Yellampalli Dam Godavari River, Telangana
17. Kishau Dam Tons River, Himachal Pradesh
18. Almatti Dam Krishna River, Karnataka
19. Bhadra Dam Bhadra River, Karnataka
20. Supa Dam Kali River, Karnataka

Highest, Largest, Biggest, Smallest Rivers, Lakes, Waterfalls, Beaches in India

  • The longest River: The Ganga (2525 km)
  • The longest Canal: Indira Gandhi Canal or Rajasthan Canal (Rajasthan) (649 km)
  • The longest Dam: Hirakud Dam (Odisha) (26 km)
  • The longest Sea Beach: Marina Beach (Chennai) (13 km)
  • The highest Lake: Devtal Lake (17745 ft), Garhwal (Uttarakhand)
  • The largest Saline Water Lake: Chilka Lake (Odisha)
  • The largest Fresh Water Lake: Kolleru Lake (Andhra Pradesh)
  • The biggest River Islands: Majuli, Brahmaputra river (Assam)
  • The largest Lake: Wular lake (Jammu and Kashmir)
  • The highest Dam: Bhakhra Dam (740 ft) on Sutlej river (Punjab)
  • The highest Waterfall: Kunchikal Falls (Karnataka) (455 m, 1493 ft)
  • The deepest River Valley: Bhagirathi and Alaknanda


Arbaj Demrot is the founder of VideRime Online Learning, a leading engineering website. He did his BE Civil and M.Tech Structure from RGPV University, Bhopal and has been working as an Assistant Professor in a reputed college.

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