Difference between aerobic and anaerobic respiration

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The important difference between aerobic respiration and anaerobic respiration.

Comparison basisAerobic RespirationAnaerobic Respiration
MeaningIt breaks down glucose in the presence of oxygen to produce more energy.It breaks down glucose to produce energy in the absence of oxygen.
It occurs inCytoplasm to mitochondriaOccurs only in the cytoplasm.
EnergyMass production of energyLow production of energy
Final Product is38 ATP2 ATP
Chemical EquationC6H12O6  + 6O2 → 6CO + 6H2O + energy (as ATP)C6H12O6  → 2C3H6O3 + Energy
Final Product isCarbon dioxide and waterLactic acid (animal cells), carbon dioxide and ethanol (plants cells)
It RequiresOxygen and glucose to produce energyIt doesn’t need oxygen, but Use glucose to produce energy.
Process of
SpeedLong Process to produce energyFast Process to produce energy
ExampleOccurs in many plants and animalsOccurs in human muscle cells, bacteria, etc.

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A Demrot is the founder of VideRime Online Learning, a leading engineering website. He did his BE Civil and M.Tech Structure from RGPV University, Bhopal and has been working as an Assistant Professor in a reputed college.

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